It has been three weeks since the killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis, which sparked protests around the world against police brutality and racism. As many have pointed out, institutional racism is not just a problem in the US, but here in the UK too. There is an overrepresentation of black, Asian and minority ethnic people (BAME) in prisons in England and Wales, as highlighted by the Lammy Review. Black people are nearly ten times more likely to be stopped and searched by police than white people, and most recently, it was found that the police forces have been almost seven times more likely to fine BAME people than white people under new COVID-19 powers.
The events of recent weeks have brought into sharp focus just how important it is to have a criminal justice system that is fair and effective for all. One way to build trust and confidence is to have a criminal justice workforce that is representative of the communities it serves. Last week, we held an event in partnership with the Ministry of Justice to investigate how we might build a diverse criminal justice workforce. Justice secretary and lord chancellor Robert Buckland and shadow justice secretary David Lammy provided opening remarks, followed by a panel of speakers from across the criminal justice system.
Opening remarks from Robert Buckland and David Lammy
In his opening remarks, justice secretary Robert Buckland said: “I can’t think of, frankly, better and more appropriate timing for an event like this, because we’ve seen, from the appalling events in Minneapolis and the ensuing surge of feeling, the demonstrations, the expressions of a mix of views and feelings – from despair, through to anger, through to sense of tiredness – that people have just had enough of the situation.”
On the topic of a diverse criminal justice workforce, the justice secretary said: “One thing we know is that making sure that the system mirrors the makeup of our society is, frankly, one of the ways that we can build confidence in the idea that the system is not for or against any one group of people, but instead pursues justice for all.”
Mr. Buckland added: “The numbers are moving in the right direction. We’ve seen, for example, an almost one percent increase in the proportion of BAME people working in the prison and probation service since last year, but, of course, there’s so much more to do.”
Shadow justice secretary David Lammy, in his opening remarks, discussed the stark statistics that show a lack of racial diversity across the criminal justice workforce, as highlighted in his 2017 review. However, he warned that “recruitment does not mean you solve issues of race and structural discrimination. I just think it’s the beginning of rebuilding trust, but it is only the beginning of rebuilding trust.”
The shadow justice secretary highlighted successful recruitment by the Parole Board in the North East as an example of good practice. He said: “I hope that other parts of the justice system will look at what the Parole Board did with leadership, right from the top, the right kind of recruitment, a lot of handholding and a determination to have panels to crack it. That’s what needs to be done right across the system.”
Mr Lammy also spoke about the importance of recruiting BAME people in senior roles as well as junior ones. He said: “The CPS has been relatively successful at recruiting a cadre of black, Asian, and minority ethnic lawyers into the pool, but it’s not just about training. It’s not just at the most junior levels. It’s not just about counting the security guards at the front door. It’s about all the way up into the organisation.”
In reflecting about what will increase the pace of change, he said “I believe in targets. I was disappointed, when I set a target for the judiciary, that government rejected it… I do believe you should set yourself a target... I do believe that senior leadership should have it in their appraisals and should be held to account to bring people on. Of course, I believe in training as well. All of those things are necessary if we are going to pull this off.”
Insights from the panel
The opening remarks were followed by a panel of speakers from across the criminal justice system. Highlights include:
- Tola Munro, President of the National Black Police Association, said that due to recent events, some people will no longer consider policing as a career, but “hopefully, for other people, they will consider policing as a career to affect their communities and to make a difference.” He then spoke about how disciplinary procedures within the police disproportionately impact black and Asian officers.
- Hauwa Shehu, Chair of the CPS Muslim Network, spoke about the importance of going into schools and the community to educate people about a career in the CPS, show positive role models and demonstrate that “faith is not something that holds you back in terms of succeeding within this sector.”
- Tanya Robinson, Head of Diversity and Inclusion at HMPPS, spoke about the importance of understanding regional variations, and said recruitment drives should be specific to different areas, rather than just a blanket tick box exercise.
- Blessing Mukosha Park, creator of the Blessing at the Bar blog, said that the Bar’s resistance to using social media and embracing and recognising diverse voices means that they are missing out on an entire generation of lawyers.
- Andrea Coomber, Director at Justice, discussed how BAME people are applying to senior roles in the judiciary but aren’t being appointed, as highlighted in Justice’s recent report, and spoke of the need for targets.
- Kadra Abdinasir, Co-organiser at Charity So White, shared some examples of racism in the voluntary sector, including a “criminal justice networking event where everyone of colour was asked when they left prison.” Kadra then discussed the practical steps for change, saying: “We want to see a fundamental shift in the structures across the charity sector, where leaders and decision-makers reflect the communities they work with. We also think that funders have a key role to play as well within this.”
The CJA looks forward to working with government and others to take this work forward. Over the coming weeks, we will be holding a series of online meetings to hear good practice and learnings from the sector in building a diverse criminal justice workforce. We’ll develop recommendations for policy and practice, to build a fairer and more effective criminal justice system, improve outcomes for individuals, and increase trust and confidence.
We will be sharing the full video on YouTube soon.
To register for one of the online meetings, contact Policy Officer Amal Ali on email@example.com.